Acupuncture Today
January, 2000, Vol. 01, Issue 01
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Orthotic therapy is most effective when the prescribed level of support correlates to the level of physical stress created by each patient's condition, physiology and lifestyle. Factors such as weight, activity level and musculoskeletal integrity indicate whether light, moderate or intense orthotic support is necessary.

Since several factors must be addressed when implementing orthotic therapy, custom-fitted orthotics will be more effective in treating specific conditions than pre-manufactured orthotics.


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  3. Holmes GB, Timmerman L. A quantitative assessment of the effect of metatarsal pads on plantar pressures. Foot and Ankle 1990;93:141-145.
  4. Steindler A. Kinesiology of the Human Body Under Normal and Pathological Conditions, 3rd ed. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas, 1970.
  5. Farfan HF. Muscular mechanisms of the lumbar spine and position of power and efficiency. Orthop Clin North Am 1975;6(1):135-144.
  6. Cappozzo A. Compressive loads in the lumbar vertebral column during normal level walking. J Orthop Res 1984;1(3):292-301.
  7. Adams MA, Hutton WC. Mechanical factors in etiology of low back pain. Orthopedics 1982;5(11):1461-1465.
  8. Kuhn DR, Shibley NJ, Austin WM, Yochum TR. Radiographic evaluation of weightbering orthotics and their effect on flexible pes planus. J Manp Physiol Ther 1999;22(4):221-226.

Click here for more information about Hubert Chang.


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